Most people usually think that the process of making a baby is simple and a natural experience to most of the couples. However, for some couples the expectation is not usually simple as you may think about it. After one year of couple having unprotected sex, if couples are unable to give birth to a new born, this is described as infertility. Approximately 15 percent of couples who are trying to start up new families are infertile. When this happens, the blame is usually directed to the female gender, whereas the problem could lie with the male counterpart as well. With the new technology, there are several ways that can be used to deal with male infertility treatment.
The infertility of happily married couples depends upon several factors in both genders. In developed countries, male contributes 8% of the infertility while female contributes highly by approximation of 37%. A total of 35% can be traced to factors in both the married couples. The remaining 5% cannot be traced to any to any of the obvious causes from both genders.
Causes of male infertility
Variety of conditions can lead to male infertility, which may be unpredictable. For example, in men, pituitary gland whose main role is to produce hormone-producing gland in the brain and hypothalamus plays a vital role in the fertility. The conditions that can result in infertility are categorized into the following groups.
- 30%-40% of the conditions are related to the problems in the men testes. Some of the problems here are as a result of genetic causes.
- 10%-20% are as a result of obstruction in the pathway that sperm uses to leave the testes during the ejaculation. It can also be contributed by the initial infections.
Treatment of male infertility
The method of treatment primarily depends on the cause of infertility. It is recommended that both partners seek consultation and get a proper diagnosis done in order to plan the best route to treatment to convert them to fertility.
- Obstruction of the reproductive tract
Men can undergo surgery to treat blockage to allow smooth flow of sperms from the testis until ejaculation. If surgery does not work out, another alternative is using assisted reproductive technologies. This second option can only be successful if sperms retrieved from the testis are used.
- Treatment of hypothalamic or pituitary deficiency
Small percentage of male infertility probably of about 1%-2% is as a result of problems in the pituitary gland and hypothalamus. Pituitary gland is also part of the brain which is known for regulating hormone production. When you are suffering from these conditions, the best medication is human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rhFSH).
- Gonadotropin treatment
The first stage of this treatment is by injecting hCG three times per week for duration of six months. Blood tests are usually done during this period to monitor blood testosterone level and adjust the medication if necessary. The second stage of male infertility treatment involve recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rhFSH) if sperm cells do not appear in the semen after six months of medication.